Algorithmic Fairness and Economics
The Journal of Economic Perspectives
31 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2019 Last revised: 24 Feb 2020
Date Written: February 14, 2020
We develop an economic perspective on algorithmic fairness and the surrounding empirical, theoretical and policy issues. Our perspective draws from clear parallels between algorithms and issues in economics of discrimination, crime, personnel and technological innovation; as well as more subtle connections to environmental economics, product safety regulation, behavioral economics and economics of information. We highlight the distinction between biased algorithmic predictions and biased algorithmic objectives. We conclude by discussing economic issues in policy policy and managerial practices around reducing algorithmic unfairness.
Keywords: economics, algorithms, bias, fairness
JEL Classification: J7, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation