Too Far To Regulate?

62 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2019

Date Written: March 21, 2018


I show causal evidence that regulators are averse to traveling long distances to supervise distant banks, indicating regulator moral hazard. Further, by exploiting exogenous distance-based variation in the scope and frequency of regulatory oversight, I show that regulatory oversight increases bank value. Distant banks benefit less from regulatory oversight as regulators are averse to traveling long distances. However, I find that this aversion can be mitigated by compensating regulators adequately, for instance through higher per diem rates. Overall, my results capture a previously overlooked aspect, namely, regulator moral hazard due to distance-based frictions. In contrast, distance-based frictions such as the inability to monitor or collect soft information over long distances would suggest a lower quality of regulatory oversight despite the regulator's best efforts to oversee distant banks.

Keywords: Supervision, Oversight, Regulators, Distance, Banks, Moral Hazard

JEL Classification: G20, G21, G28, G30

Suggested Citation

Ganduri, Rohan, Too Far To Regulate? (March 21, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Rohan Ganduri (Contact Author)

Emory University ( email )

1300 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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