Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration in Aging Populations

32 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2019

See all articles by Rana Comertpay

Rana Comertpay

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Andreas Irmen

University of Luxembourg - Ceter for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research), Munich

Anastasia Litina

University of Ioannina

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

This research empirically establishes the hypothesis that the process of population aging in a society as a whole affects the attitudes of its members towards immigration. Hence, an aging social environment exerts an effect on the attitudes of individuals towards immigration after accounting for their age and other individual characteristics. We test this hypothesis in a multilevel analysis of individuals living in 25 European OECD countries over the period 2002-2017. Our measure of “societal population aging” is the old-age dependency ratio. “Attitudes” are taken from immigration related questions in eight consecutive rounds of the European Social Survey. For these attitudes we find non-linear, U-shaped relationships. Hence, the effect of societal population aging on individual attitudes towards immigration is negative in young societies and positive in old ones.

Keywords: population aging, attitudes, immigration, culture

JEL Classification: J100, Z100

Suggested Citation

Comertpay, Rana and Irmen, Andreas and Litina, Anastasia, Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration in Aging Populations (2019). CESifo Working Paper No. 7565. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3362018

Rana Comertpay (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Andreas Irmen

University of Luxembourg - Ceter for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA) ( email )

162a, avenue de la Faïencerie
Luxembourg, L – 1511
Luxembourg

HOME PAGE: http://wwwen.uni.lu/recherche/fdef/crea/people/andreas_irmen

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research), Munich

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Anastasia Litina

University of Ioannina ( email )

45110 Ioannina
Greece

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