Nutritional Regulation and International Trade in APEC Economies: The New Chilean Food Labeling Law

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 73-113, March 2019

42 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2019

See all articles by Sofía Boza Martínez

Sofía Boza Martínez

University of Chile - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences

Rodrigo Polanco

University of Chile - Faculty of Law; World Trade Institute - University of Bern

Macarena Espinoza

University of Chile

Date Written: March 29, 2019

Abstract

In many countries, economic growth has induced a general change in eating patterns, from high rates of malnutrition, to recurrent obesity problems and other health related issues in the population. Changes to nutritional labeling regulations that are aimed at providing more information to the consumer have been part of the strategy to fight obesity. Mandatory labeling schemes constitute a technical barrier to trade (hereinafter “TBT”), which must respect the principles of the WTO TBT Agreement. This article examines the new Chilean Food Labeling Law and the accompanying regulation in effect since 2016 which together form one of the earliest methods to mandate front-of-pack food labeling, while focusing on its compatibility with WTO law and its implications for other APEC economies. We present a review of the origin and content of the Chilean regulation and the discussion of the WTO TBT Committee, complemented with the analysis of related WTO jurisprudence and the response from the food industry.

Keywords: Chile, TBT Agreement, Food Labeling, Overweight, Obesity, NCDs, International Trade, TBT Committee, WTO, APEC

Suggested Citation

Boza Martínez, Sofía and Polanco Lazo, Rodrigo and Espinoza, Macarena, Nutritional Regulation and International Trade in APEC Economies: The New Chilean Food Labeling Law (March 29, 2019). Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 73-113, March 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3362184 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3362184

Sofía Boza Martínez (Contact Author)

University of Chile - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences ( email )

Av. Santa Rosa N° 11315
La Pintana
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 8820808
Chile

Rodrigo Polanco Lazo

University of Chile - Faculty of Law ( email )

Avda. Santa María 076 Piso 4
Providencia, Santiago
Chile, Santiago
Chile

HOME PAGE: http://www.derecho.uchile.cl

World Trade Institute - University of Bern ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6/8
Berne, CH-3012
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.wti.org

Macarena Espinoza

University of Chile ( email )

Av. Santa Rosa N° 11315
La Pintana
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 8820808
Chile

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