(Private) Law in Transition – The Acquis Communautaire as a Challenge for East European Lawmakers
Ukrainian Private Law and the European Area of Justice (Beiträge zum ausländischen und internationalen Privatrecht, 127), pp. 285-307, Eugenia Kurzynsky-Singer, Rainer Kulms, eds., Mohr Siebeck, 2019
25 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2019 Last revised: 10 Apr 2019
Stabilisation and Association Agreements are intended to pave the way for a gradual approximation towards European Union standards and the acquis communautaire. The Agreements build on the assumption that both the entrant country and the EU have a joint interest as, respectively, "rational accession-seeker" and as "rational accession provider". Nonetheless, the bargaining power is asymmetric. While national lawmakers of the association countries may subscribe to the acquis communautaire, they also have to calculate the costs of compliance if accession is unlikely to happen soon. Existing equilibria will only be disrupted in favour of sophisticated EU rules if the EU offers credible incentives. The transition phase presents a specific challenge to lawmakers, as the EU Commission assesses progress under the Agreements. This paper surveys the institutional analysis applied by the Commission under the Agreements with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia in order to develop standards for the enforcement mechanisms under the EU-Ukrainian Association Agreement.
Note: This contribution is published in the Max Planck Private Law Research Paper Series with the permission of the rights owner, Mohr Siebeck.
Keywords: EU-Ukrainian Association Agreement, Stabilisation and Association Agreements, compliance standards, regulatory trade-offs for rational accession-seekers
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