Networks in Conflict: A Variational Inequality Approach
51 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2019
Date Written: April 2, 2019
We study a very general contest game in which players exert efforts in multiple battles. The conflict structure, which represents who participates in which battlefield, is arbitrary and can be represented by a hypergraph. We show, under mild conditions on the cost function and contest technology, that the set of pure strategy Nash equilibria is nonempty and convex, and provide equivalent characterizations using techniques from Variational Inequality (VI). We demonstrate that the strong monotonicity of the cost function always implies the uniqueness of Nash equilibrium regardless of the conflict structure. We also perform an extensive comparative statics analysis with respect to the parameters of the model and discuss several applications of our model. Our general model incorporates many existing models of single or multi-battle contests as special cases when the conflict network and/or the cost function take particular forms.
Keywords: network games, multi-battle contests, variational inequality, uniqueness, comparative statics
JEL Classification: C72, D74, D85
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation