Crowdfunding, Financing Constraints and Real Effects
Management Science, Forthcoming
40 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 29, 2019
We study the feasibility and optimal design of pre-sale crowdfunding contracts where participating consumers pay a premium above the future expected spot price and financially constrained entrepreneurs balance the potential product-market distortions introduced through pre-sale crowdfunding against the cost of traditional external financing. Our analysis shows how such crowdfunding contracts enable the execution of projects that could not be otherwise undertaken and highlights novel interactions between the cost of capital, demand uncertainty and production. Tighter financing constraints reduce the ability of the monopolist to extract surplus but, contrary to the usual result, may increase production. We evaluate how uncertainty and market size reduce the price-discriminating power of the monopolist and affect the optimal contract regime. Nevertheless, we show how such pre-sale price-discriminating contracts are implementable even when the number of potential consumers is relatively high and their individual demand is stochastic.
Keywords: Crowdfunding, Financing Platforms, Pivotal Contracts, Price Discrimination, Financing Constraints
JEL Classification: L1, G23, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation