Making the Rules: The Governance of Standard Development Organizations and their Policies on Intellectual Property Rights

JRC Science for Policy Report, EUR 29655 EN (March 2019); ISBN 978-92-76-00023-5

University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 308

214 Pages Posted: 2 May 2019 Last revised: 31 Jul 2019

See all articles by Justus Baron

Justus Baron

Northwestern University - Searle Center for Law, Regulation and Economic Growth

Jorge L. Contreras

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law

Martin Husovec

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC); Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT); Stanford University - Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society

Pierre Larouche

Université de Montréal; Center on Regulation in Europe (CERRE)

Nikolaus Thumm

European Commission Joint Research Center

Date Written: March 8, 2019

Abstract

This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the governance of standard development organizations (SDOs), with a particular emphasis on organizations developing standards for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The analysis is based on 17 SDO case studies, a survey of SDO stakeholders, an expert workshop, and a comprehensive review of the legal and economic literature. The study considers the external factors conditioning SDO decision making on rules and procedures, including binding legal requirements, government influence, the network of cooperative relationships with other SDOs and related organizations, and competitive forces. SDO decision-making is also shaped by internal factors, such as the SDOs’ institutional architecture of decision-making bodies and their respective decision-making processes, which govern the interaction among SDO stakeholders and between stakeholders and the SDO itself. The study also analyzes governance principles, such as openness, balance of interests, and consensus decisionmaking, and discusses their interplay. The insights from these analyses are applied to SDO decision making on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) policies, which represents a particularly salient and controversial aspect of SDO policy development.

Keywords: standards, FRAND, SEP, policy, governance

JEL Classification: K23, L31, L44, O34

Suggested Citation

Baron, Justus and Contreras, Jorge L. and Husovec, Martin and Larouche, Pierre and Thumm, Nikolaus, Making the Rules: The Governance of Standard Development Organizations and their Policies on Intellectual Property Rights (March 8, 2019). JRC Science for Policy Report, EUR 29655 EN (March 2019); ISBN 978-92-76-00023-5 ; University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 308. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3364722

Justus Baron

Northwestern University - Searle Center for Law, Regulation and Economic Growth ( email )

375 E. Chicago Ave
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

HOME PAGE: http://justusbaron.org/

Jorge L. Contreras (Contact Author)

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )

383 S. University Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0730
United States

Martin Husovec

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) ( email )

Warandelaan 2
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) ( email )

P.O.Box 90153
Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221
Tilburg, 5037
Netherlands

Stanford University - Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society ( email )

559 Nathan Abbott Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8610
United States

Pierre Larouche

Université de Montréal ( email )

Montreal, Quebec H3T 1B9
Canada

Center on Regulation in Europe (CERRE) ( email )

Rue de l'Industrie 42
Brussels, 1040
Belgium

Nikolaus Thumm

European Commission Joint Research Center

1049
Spain

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