Countering the Judicial Silencing of Critics – Article 2 TEU Values, Criminal Liability and Reverse Solange

24 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2019 Last revised: 6 Apr 2019

See all articles by Armin von Bogdandy

Armin von Bogdandy

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law

Luke Dimitrios Spieker

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law

Date Written: April 3, 2019

Abstract

When a government instrumentalises subdued judges to silence critics, fundamental rights in the EU face a truly deep-seated problem. Yet, the Union has ways to confront such abuses. First, this contribution shows novel ways of how to respond under Union law and even beyond the scope of the EU Charter: a duty of value-oriented interpretation of national law, a duty of referral and – as a last resort – the criminal liability of disobeying judges. Second, it justifies these ways via the Reverse Solange doctrine which protects essentials of fundamental rights against authoritarian tendencies while maintaining the federal balance between the EU and its Member States. At its heart, it consists of implementing the framers’ decision of Article 2 TEU via a systematic, value-oriented interpretation of all primary law.

Keywords: Article 2 TEU, EU values, rule of law crisis, Reverse Solange, freedom of speech, preliminary reference, consistent interpretation

Suggested Citation

von Bogdandy, Armin and Spieker, Luke Dimitrios, Countering the Judicial Silencing of Critics – Article 2 TEU Values, Criminal Liability and Reverse Solange (April 3, 2019). Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law & International Law (MPIL) Research Paper No. 2019-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3365013 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3365013

Armin Von Bogdandy

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law ( email )

Im Neuenheimer Feld 535
69120 Heidelberg, 69120
Germany

Luke Dimitrios Spieker (Contact Author)

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law ( email )

Im Neuenheimer Feld 535
69120 Heidelberg, 69120
Germany

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