Globalization and Cooperative Relations

38 Pages Posted: 8 Oct 2002

See all articles by Giancarlo Spagnolo

Giancarlo Spagnolo

Stockholm School of Economics (SITE); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); University of Rome 'Tor Vergata'; EIEF

Date Written: August 2002

Abstract

Globalization - improved access to integrated, anonymous markets - is claimed to crowd out cooperative relations: From reciprocal exchange to lifetime employment, from relational governance to corruption/collusion. We study how agents' intertemporal preferences and their access to markets interact and affect their ability to sustain generalized cooperative relations. The aversion to intertemporal substitution, a regular feature of real world agents, facilitates cooperation by decreasing the evaluation of short-run gains from unilateral defections and by increasing that of losses from punishment phases. Access to goods' markets and 'money' may then hinder cooperation by undoing these effects, allowing agents to save and reallocate short-run gains from defections in time at some cost. With their positive return on capital (savings), financial markets make cooperation even harder to sustain, unless the market interest rate is sufficiently below agents' discount rate or there are sufficiently strong income fluctuations. Then financial markets may in fact facilitate relations, by increasing cooperating agents' debt capacity and allowing them to smooth fluctuations along the cooperative equilibrium path.

Keywords: Market access, cooperation, relational contracts, governance, commons, reciprocal exchange, lifetime employment, social capital, access to finance, globalization, financial development

JEL Classification: D0, F02, G30, L14

Suggested Citation

Spagnolo, Giancarlo, Globalization and Cooperative Relations (August 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=336562

Giancarlo Spagnolo (Contact Author)

Stockholm School of Economics (SITE) ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Stockholm
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/giancarlospagnoloshomepage/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

University of Rome 'Tor Vergata' ( email )

Faculty of Economics - DEI
Via Columbia 2
Rome, RM 00133
Italy

EIEF ( email )

Via Due Macelli, 73
Rome, 00187
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://WWW.EIEF.IT

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