E-Fuels as Carbon Capture and Utilization Option for the Industry? A Standardized Techno-Economic Assessment of Methanol and OME

13 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2019

See all articles by Arno Zimmermann

Arno Zimmermann

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin); Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Emre Gençer

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Francis O’Sullivan

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Reinhard Schomäcker

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

Abstract

OME3-5 is regarded as option to decarbonize heavy duty transportation in the future, however cost and resulting market potential remain unclear. This analysis applies recently published TEA and LCA Guidelines for CCU on OME3-5 e-fuels produced from flue gas, water, electricity and steam in the anhydrous trioxane and OME1 pathway. The study shows that under current assumptions and at the current state of development, OME3-5 e-fuels result in significantly higher cost of goods manufactured per GJ than diesel fuel at gas stations in Germany and less than 38.4% of electricity can be stored in the e-fuel based on lower heating value. The strongest economic barriers are electricity consumption and electrolyzer stack cost, rather than OME conversion cost. However, even drastic reduction of electricity or electrolyzer prices would not make the OME3-5 anhydrous pathway competitive under current conditions and significant further reaction and process improvements are necessary.

Keywords: CO2 for energy (storage), GHGT-14

Suggested Citation

Zimmermann, Arno and Gençer, Emre and O’Sullivan, Francis and Schomäcker, Reinhard, E-Fuels as Carbon Capture and Utilization Option for the Industry? A Standardized Techno-Economic Assessment of Methanol and OME. 14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3366098

Arno Zimmermann (Contact Author)

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

Straße des 17
Juni 135
Berlin, 10623
Germany

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Emre Gençer

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Francis O’Sullivan

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Reinhard Schomäcker

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) ( email )

Straße des 17
Juni 135
Berlin, 10623
Germany

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