Techno-Economic Assessment of Novel vs. Standard 5m Piperazine CCS Absorption Processes for Conventional and High-efficiency NGCC Power Plants
14 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2019 Last revised: 20 May 2019
Date Written: October 21, 2018
CO2 capture and storage (CCS) can play a key role in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, as it is generally applicable to many industrial sectors to limit the environmental impacts from fossil fuels usage. In this regard, natural gas-fired power plants are a suitable application for CCS technologies, although they produce flue gases with a much lower CO2 concentration (i.e. ~4 %mol) than coal-fired power plant flue gases. Amine-based solvent absorption has been widely studied as a practical solution to decarbonize post-combustion flue gases from natural gas combined cycle power plants (NGCC).
This paper presents the methodology and the results of a techno-economic assessment of 5 molal (5m) piperazine (PZ) as a new potential baseline solvent for carbon capture from NGCC in three different case studies that have been considered relevant from a preliminary literature analysis. The three evaluated configurations are (i) conventional F-class NGCC coupled with the conventional absorber configuration with a direct contact cooler (DCC), (ii) conventional F-class NGCC coupled with an advanced absorber configuration (no DCC – flue gas cooling integrated within the absorber) and (iii) high efficiency, state-of-the-art H-class NGCC, coupled with the advanced absorber configuration. The present work is based on the most recent findings from University of Texas at Austin (UT) research activities, and it has been carried out by Laboratorio Energia e Ambiente Piacenza (LEAP) and Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) researchers supported and sponsored by the CO2 Capture Project (CCP).
Keywords: GHGT-14; CCS; absorber configuration; piperazine; high efficiency combined cycle
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