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Dynamic Model of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO 2) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2) Emission Dispersion Control: A Study on Pt. Semen Tonasa Indonesia

24 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2019

See all articles by Anwar Mallongi

Anwar Mallongi

Hasanuddin University - Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Management

Kraichat Tantrakarnapa

Mahidol University

Andi Zulkifli

Hasanuddin University - Faculty of Public Health

Muh. Hatta

Hasanuddin University

Sumbangan Baja

Hasanuddin University

Marhamah Yudin

Hasanuddin University - Faculty of Public Health

More...

Abstract

Background and Objective: Air pollution from cement industry produces nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollutants which are dispersed into the settlement areas due to the influence of meteorological factors. This study aims to estimate NO2 and SO2 concentration from the stacks to settlements around of PT. Semen Tonasa area as the baseline data with the scenarios of mitigation measures to control both Pollutants.

Methods: This type of research is a descriptive observational with dynamic model approach. Model simulation is done as exiting condition and the scenarios were created. and stack height addition scenarios. The concern parameter is the ambient air quality around settlement PT Semen Tonasa area. The existing air quality concentrations at 6 receptors were carried out. The sampling technique was carried out by pre-post gravitational method for PM2.5 or chemiluminescence techniques for NO2.

Results: The results showed that estimation of NO2 and SO2 concentrations in the next 10 years (2018-2028), the highest at Taqwa Mosque was 116,87 µg/m3 for NO2 and at Bontoa was 13,44 µg/m3 for SO2. Based on the model of stack height addition scenario simulation results, the effectiveness of NO2 and SO2 concentration reduction was 98% and 97%, respectively.

Conclusions: The results of this study can explain the reduction of concerned gases concentration. This study can help in taking decisions on NO2 and SO2 emissions control from industry with a stack height addition to The reducing the concentration of NO2 and SO2 in the future.

Funding Statement: This research and publication is funded by the Ministry of Higher Education, The Republic of Indonesia No: 123/SP2H/PTNBH/DPRM with the contract No; 1487/ UN4.21/PL.00/00/2018.

Declaration of Interests: All authors declare no competing interests within this research and publication.

Ethics Approval Statement: All procedures performed in this research that relate to Environment and not involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Hasanuddin University institutional and/or national research committee.

Keywords: Dynamic Model, Nitrogen Dioxide, Sulfur Dioxide, Emission control, Cement Industry

Suggested Citation

Mallongi, Anwar and Tantrakarnapa, Kraichat and Zulkifli, Andi and Hatta, Muh. and Baja, Sumbangan and Yudin, Marhamah, Dynamic Model of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO 2) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2) Emission Dispersion Control: A Study on Pt. Semen Tonasa Indonesia (April 5, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3367058 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3367058

Anwar Mallongi (Contact Author)

Hasanuddin University - Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Management ( email )

Makassar
Indonesia

Kraichat Tantrakarnapa

Mahidol University

69 Vipawadee Rangsit Road
Phayatai, Bangkok, Nakhonpathom 10400
Thailand

Andi Zulkifli

Hasanuddin University - Faculty of Public Health

Sulawesi
Indonesia

Muh. Hatta

Hasanuddin University

Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan km 10
Sulawesi, Makassar 90245
Indonesia

Sumbangan Baja

Hasanuddin University

Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan km 10
Sulawesi, Makassar 90245
Indonesia

Marhamah Yudin

Hasanuddin University - Faculty of Public Health

Sulawesi
Indonesia

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