Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France

36 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2019

See all articles by Nicoletta Batini

Nicoletta Batini

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: February 2019


France is the top agricultural producer in the European Union (EU), and agriculture plays a prominent role in the country's foreign trade and intermediate exchanges. Reflecting production volumes and methods, the sector, however, also generates significant negative environmental and public health externalities. Recent model simulations show that a well-designed shift in production and consumption to make the former sustainable and align the latter with recommended values can curb these considerably and generate large macroeconomic gains. I propose a policy toolkit in line with the government's existing sectoral policies that can support this transition.

Keywords: Supply and demand, Economic growth, Agricultural production, Agricultural sector, Demand elasticity, agriculture, growth, food policy, climate change, externalities, fiscal policy, diets, agri-food, GHG, externality, GHG emission, farm labor force

JEL Classification: E23, H23, I10, J17, J43, L66, L70, Q11, Q18, Q58,

Suggested Citation

Batini, Nicoletta, Macroeconomic Gains from Reforming the Agri-Food Sector: The Case of France (February 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/41. Available at SSRN:

Nicoletta Batini (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics