Nonlinearity between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development
30 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 2019
This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between theshadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from1996 to 2015, our results reveal a robust U-shaped relationship between the shadow economy sizeand GDP per capita. Our results imply that the shadow economy tends to increase when economicdevelopment surpasses a given threshold or at least does not disappear. Our findings suggest thatspecial attention should be given to the country's level of development when designing policies totackle issues related to the shadow economy.
Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group
JEL Classification: E26, H26, O17, O43, I25, E01, E2, E52, O4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation