China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

32 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2019

See all articles by Sonali Das

Sonali Das

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: March 2019


China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquidity in the onshore FX market is relatively low compared to other countries with de jure floating currencies. Allowing a greater role for market forces within the existing regime, and greater two-way flexibility of the exchange rate, are important steps to build on the progress already made. This should be complemented by further steps to develop the FX market, improve FX risk management, and modernize the monetary policy framework.

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB, PBC, central parity, renminbi

JEL Classification: F31, F33, G15, O16, N20, O24, E52, G21, F16, F3

Suggested Citation

Das, Sonali, China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime (March 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/50, Available at SSRN:

Sonali Das (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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