Capturing Energy Risk Premia

41 Pages Posted: 7 May 2019 Last revised: 19 Aug 2021

See all articles by Adrian Fernandez-Perez

Adrian Fernandez-Perez

Auckland University of Technology

Ana-Maria Fuertes

Bayes Business School, City, University of London

Joëlle Miffre

Audencia Business School

Date Written: April 9, 2019


This paper studies the energy futures risk premia that can be extracted through long-short portfolios that exploit heterogeneities across contracts as regards various characteristics or signals and integrations thereof. Investors can earn a sizeable premium of about 8% and 12% per annum by exploiting the energy futures contract risk associated with the hedgers’ net positions and roll-yield characteristics, respectively, in line with predictions from the hedging pressure hypothesis and theory of storage. Simultaneously exploiting various signals towards style-integration with alternative weighting schemes further enhances the premium. In particular, the style-integrated portfolio that equally weights all signals stands out as the most effective. The findings are robust to transaction costs, data mining and sub-period analyses.

Keywords: Energy futures markets, Risk premium, Long-short portfolios, Integration

JEL Classification: G13, G14

Suggested Citation

Fernandez-Perez, Adrian and Fuertes, Ana-Maria and Miffre, Joelle, Capturing Energy Risk Premia (April 9, 2019). Energy Economics, 2021, 102, 105460, Available at SSRN: or

Adrian Fernandez-Perez

Auckland University of Technology ( email )

AUT City Campus
Private Bag 92006
Auckland, 1142
New Zealand
+64 9 921 9999 (Phone)
+64 9 921 9940 (Fax)

Ana-Maria Fuertes

Bayes Business School, City, University of London ( email )

Faculty of Finance
106 Bunhill Row
London, EC1Y 8TZ
United Kingdom
+44 207 477 0186 (Phone)
+44 207 477 8881 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://

Joelle Miffre (Contact Author)

Audencia Business School ( email )

8 Road Joneliere
BP 31222
Nantes Cedex 3, 44312

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