Does Corruption Impact the Demand of Bank Credit? A Study of Discouraged Borrowers in Asian Developing Countries

39 Pages Posted: 8 May 2019

Date Written: April 10, 2019

Abstract

Two dysfunctions can affect the credit market: credit rationing and firm's discouragement. While the former has been studied in detail for more than 40 years, the latter has only been in the spotlight since 2003. In this work, we contribute to the understanding of this “demand-side failure” by investigating the role played by corruption. In particular, using data coming from Enterprise Surveys conducted by World Bank, we highlight, on the one hand, a significant negative effect of the corruption on “discouraged borrowers” in developing countries, and on the other, that this effect differs according to the level of economic development: in higher (resp. lower) development countries, higher level of corruption will discourage (resp. encourage) firms from applying for loans. We also find burden of government regulation is a channel to explain for this effect. To get over burdens in regulation, firms find corruption as one way to reach their targets at lower costs.

Keywords: discouraged borrowers, discouragement, corruption, developing countries, burden of regulation

JEL Classification: D73, G21, G38, 053

Suggested Citation

Statnik, Jean-Christophe and Giang, Vu Thi Le, Does Corruption Impact the Demand of Bank Credit? A Study of Discouraged Borrowers in Asian Developing Countries (April 10, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3369672 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3369672

Jean-Christophe Statnik (Contact Author)

Unniversity of Lille ( email )

1, rue de Mulhouse
Lille, 59000
France

Vu Thi Le Giang

Université de Lille ( email )

2 Rue de Mulhouse
Lille, Nord - Pas-de-Calais 59000
France

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