Health Care and Cybersecurity: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Literature

18 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2019

See all articles by Mohammad Jalali

Mohammad Jalali

Harvard University - Harvard Medical School

Sabina Razak

MIT Sloan School of Management

William Gordon

Harvard University - Harvard Medical School

Eric Perakslis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Stuart Madnick

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Date Written: November 1, 2018

Abstract

Background: Over the past decade, clinical care has become globally dependent on information technology. The cybersecurity of healthcare information systems is now an essential component of safe, reliable, and effective healthcare delivery. Objectives: The objective of this study is to provide an overview of the literature at the intersection of cybersecurity and healthcare delivery. Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted using PubMed and Web of Science (WoS) for English-language peer-reviewed articles. We carried out chronological analysis, domain clustering analysis, and text analysis of the included articles to generate a high-level concept map composed of specific words and the connections between them. Results: Our final sample included 472 English-language journal articles. Our review results revealed that the majority of articles are focused on technology: Technology-focused articles made up more than half of all the clusters, while only 32% were managerial. This focus on the technological aspects of cybersecurity suggests that non-technological variables (human-based and organizational aspects, strategy and management) may be understudied. Also, software development security, business continuity, and disaster recovery planning each accounted for 3% of the studied articles. Our results also show that physical security is lacking in research, with only 1% of the literature being categorized as such. Cyber vulnerabilities are not all digital. Many physical threats contribute to breaches, and these threats potentially affect the physical safety of patients. Conclusions: Our results revealed an overall increase in research in this area, and identified major gaps and opportunities for future work.

Keywords: Cybersecurity, health care, literature analysis, bibliometric review, text mining

Suggested Citation

Jalali, Mohammad and Razak, Sabina and Gordon, William and Perakslis, Eric and Madnick, Stuart E., Health Care and Cybersecurity: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Literature (November 1, 2018). MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5728-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3370566 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3370566

Mohammad Jalali

Harvard University - Harvard Medical School ( email )

101 Merrimac St
Suite 1010
Boston, MA 02114
United States

HOME PAGE: http://scholar.harvard.edu/jalali

Sabina Razak

MIT Sloan School of Management ( email )

100 Main Street
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

William Gordon

Harvard University - Harvard Medical School ( email )

25 Shattuck St
Boston, MA 02115
United States

Eric Perakslis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Stuart E. Madnick (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )

E53-321
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
617-253-6671 (Phone)
617-253-3321 (Fax)

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