Sexism, State, Market, and Society: Evidence from Rural Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

17 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2019 Last revised: 21 Jul 2019

See all articles by Taddese Mezgebo

Taddese Mezgebo

Mekelle University

Tewelde Mezgobo Ghrmay

Mekelle University - Management Department; International School of Management (ISM)

Menasbo Gebru Tesfay

Mekelle University - CBE - Economics department; Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Date Written: July 19, 2019

Abstract

Our study site is a social island of a Muslim population found within an Orthodox Christian dominated national state. What is peculiar about this site, however, is related to the high level of sexist attitude observed in this location. The farmers in the site were not only sexist, but their sexism was not even a benevolent kind of sexism, which tries to protect the “delicate and weak woman”. Their sexism was a hostile kind of sexism, which tries to preserve men’s favorable status by imposing and sustaining an inferior perception of a woman. Data is collected from 190 families who reside in four villages of Southern Tigray in Ethiopia. A probit and a sample selection endogenous switching models are used to analyze the data. The results do show the fact that the source of the problem is well known in contemporary literature of sexism as a social dominance orientation ideology.

Keywords: sexism, aggressive sexism, benevolent sexism, social capital, organized trust, harmony, commercialization, SDO, RWA

JEL Classification: Z13, J16

Suggested Citation

Mezgebo, Taddese and Ghrmay, Tewelde and Tesfay, Menasbo Gebru, Sexism, State, Market, and Society: Evidence from Rural Tigray, Northern Ethiopia (July 19, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3370790 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3370790

Taddese Mezgebo (Contact Author)

Mekelle University ( email )

Mekelle, 231
Ethiopia
251911480483 (Phone)
251344407610 (Fax)

Tewelde Ghrmay

Mekelle University - Management Department ( email )

P.O. Box 450
Mekelle, Tigray
Ethiopia

International School of Management (ISM) ( email )

148, rue de Grenelle
Paris, 75007
France

Menasbo Gebru Tesfay

Mekelle University - CBE - Economics department ( email )

Mekelle, 451
Ethiopia

Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Oslo
Norway

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