Membership without Social Citizenship? Deservingness and Redistribution as Grounds for Equality

Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Science 148 (3), Forthcoming

Posted: 6 May 2019 Last revised: 20 May 2019

See all articles by Michèle Lamont

Michèle Lamont

Harvard University - Department of Sociology

Irene Bloemraad

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology

Will Kymlicka

Queen's University

Leanne Son Hing

University of Guelph

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

This paper explores processes by which a broadening of legal, social and cultural membership in Western societies appears to be accompanied by a reduction in the social rights of citizenship, in part due to harsher judgements concerning the deservingness of low-income populations. As more diverse groups are extended formal national membership, fewer individuals appear deserving of social rights such as welfare redistribution. Why is this the case? Some explain this decline in solidarity as a simple, even mechanical response to growing diversity. We offer alternative approaches to understanding these tensions, and pathways for promoting inclusive membership and broad social rights. We do so by drawing on the analytical tools of four distinct fields that are rarely in dialogue, proposing that positive social change may emerge from (1) solidarity, explored by normative political theorists; (2) group identity and distributive justice, a focus for social psychologists; (3) boundary drawing and destigmatization, as analyzed by cultural sociologists; and (4) contestation and social movements, studied by political sociologists and political scientists.

Suggested Citation

Lamont, Michèle and Bloemraad, Irene and Kymlicka, Will and Son Hing, Leanne, Membership without Social Citizenship? Deservingness and Redistribution as Grounds for Equality (2019). Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Science 148 (3), Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3371038

Michèle Lamont (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Sociology ( email )

33 Kirkland Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Irene Bloemraad

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology ( email )

410 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Will Kymlicka

Queen's University ( email )

Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.willkymlicka.ca/

Leanne Son Hing

University of Guelph ( email )

Guelph, Ontario
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.uoguelph.ca/psychology/users/leanne-son-hing

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