The Returns to Early-Life Interventions for Very Low Birth Weight Children

31 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2019

See all articles by Eric T. Chyn

Eric T. Chyn

University of Virginia - Department of Economics

Samantha Gold

RIPL

Justine S. Hastings

Brown University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

We use comprehensive administrative data from Rhode Island to measure the impact of early-life interventions for low birth weight newborns on later-life outcomes. We use a regression discontinuity design based on the 1,500-gram threshold for Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) status. We show that threshold crossing causes more intense in-hospital care, in line with prior studies. Threshold crossing also causes a 0.34 standard deviation increase in test scores in elementary and middle school, a 17.1 percentage point increase in the probability of college enrollment, and $66,997 decrease in social program expenditures by age 14. We explore potential mechanisms driving these impacts.

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Suggested Citation

Chyn, Eric T. and Gold, Samantha and Hastings, Justine, The Returns to Early-Life Interventions for Very Low Birth Weight Children (April 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25753. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3372057

Eric T. Chyn (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

237 Monroe Hall
P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-418
United States

Samantha Gold

RIPL ( email )

1 Park Row
Providence, RI 02906
United States

Justine Hastings

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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