Acculturation, Education, and Gender Roles: Evidence from Canada

46 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2019

See all articles by Anke S. Kessler

Anke S. Kessler

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics; University of Bonn - Economic Science Area; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Kevin S. Milligan

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

This paper studies the influence of cultural norms on economic outcomes. We combine detailed information on second-generation female immigrants with historical data from their ancestral source countries to see how the cultural endowment affects current decisions on work and fertility. We show that results using the standard approach are sensitive to context and specification. We then extend to reveal an education gradient for cultural assimilation: lower-educated women exhibit a strong influence of cultural variables while higher educated women show no influence at all. We gather and present evidence on several potential mechanisms for the education gradient.

Keywords: Assimilation, Culture, Fertility, Human Capital, Immigration, Labor Supply

JEL Classification: J16, J22, J61

Suggested Citation

Kessler, Anke S. and Milligan, Kevin S., Acculturation, Education, and Gender Roles: Evidence from Canada (April 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13658. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3372856

Anke S. Kessler (Contact Author)

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada
604-291-3443 (Phone)
604-291-5944 (Fax)

University of Bonn - Economic Science Area ( email )

Adenauerallee 24-42
D-53113 Bonn
Germany
+49 228 739 246 (Phone)
+49 228 739 221 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wipol.uni-bonn.de/~kessler/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Kevin S. Milligan

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Economics ( email )

997-1873 East Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1
Canada

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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