Prevalence of Childhood Sexual Abuse Among Women Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: A Worldwide Meta-Analysis
18 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2019More...
Background Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common childhood maltreatment among women, and many studies have found it is associated with physical and mental health. This meta-analysis evaluated the prevalence of CSA among women, as estimated by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and associated factors.
Methods: Four databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase) were systematically and independently searched from their inception until April 2, 2018.
Findings: Forty-eight articles (53 studies) covering 22,224 individuals, including women, from 16 countries were selected. Using the random-effects model, the pooled overall prevalence of CSA was 24% (95% CI 21-27%). Subgroup analyses showed that the pooled prevalence of CSA was associated with geographic regions (Q=88·44, p<0·001) and sample characteristics (Q=80·84, p<0·001).
Interpretation: CSA among women should not be neglected. More research is needed to identify factors associated with CSA in women.
Funding: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (81660569, to Junduan Wu).
Declaration of Interest: We declare no competing interests.
Keywords: childhood sexual abuse, women, childhood trauma questionnaire
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