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Prevalence of Childhood Sexual Abuse Among Women Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: A Worldwide Meta-Analysis

18 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2019

See all articles by Yuli Pan

Yuli Pan

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

Xiujin Lin

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

Jianbo Liu

Shenzhen University

Shengjie Zhang

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

Xuan Zeng

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

Fenglan Chen

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

Junduan Wu

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

More...

Abstract

Background Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common childhood maltreatment among women, and many studies have found it is associated with physical and mental health. This meta-analysis evaluated the prevalence of CSA among women, as estimated by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and associated factors.

Methods: Four databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase) were systematically and independently searched from their inception until April 2, 2018.

Findings: Forty-eight articles (53 studies) covering 22,224 individuals, including women, from 16 countries were selected. Using the random-effects model, the pooled overall prevalence of CSA was 24% (95% CI 21-27%). Subgroup analyses showed that the pooled prevalence of CSA was associated with geographic regions (Q=88·44, p<0·001) and sample characteristics (Q=80·84, p<0·001).

Interpretation: CSA among women should not be neglected. More research is needed to identify factors associated with CSA in women.

Funding: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (81660569, to Junduan Wu).

Declaration of Interest: We declare no competing interests.

Keywords: childhood sexual abuse, women, childhood trauma questionnaire

Suggested Citation

Pan, Yuli and Lin, Xiujin and Liu, Jianbo and Zhang, Shengjie and Zeng, Xuan and Chen, Fenglan and Wu, Junduan, Prevalence of Childhood Sexual Abuse Among Women Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: A Worldwide Meta-Analysis (04/17/2019 04:48:47). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3373847 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3373847

Yuli Pan

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

Xiujin Lin

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

Jianbo Liu

Shenzhen University

3688 Nanhai Road, Nanshan District
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060
China

Shengjie Zhang

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

Xuan Zeng

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

Fenglan Chen

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

Junduan Wu (Contact Author)

Guangxi Medical University - Department of Psychology ( email )

22 Shuangyong Road
Nanning, 530021
China

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