Asymptotic Optimality of Constant-Order Policies in Joint Pricing and Inventory Control Models
28 Pages Posted: 9 May 2019 Last revised: 26 Aug 2022
Date Written: August 25, 2022
We consider a classical joint pricing and inventory control problem with lead times, which has been extensively studied in the literature but is notoriously difficult to solve due to the complex structure of the optimal policy. In this work, rather than analyzing the optimal policy, we propose a class of constant-order dynamic pricing policies, which are fundamentally different from base-stock list price policies, the primary emphasis in the existing literature. Under such a policy, a constant-order amount of new inventory is ordered every period and a pricing decision is made based on the inventory level. The policy is independent of the lead time. We prove that the best constant-order dynamic pricing policy is asymptotically optimal as the lead time grows large, which is exactly the setting in which the problem becomes computationally intractable due to the curse of dimensionality. As our main methodological contributions, we establish the convergence to a long-run average random yield inventory model with zero lead time and ordering capacities by its discounted counterpart as the discount factor goes to one, non-trivially extending the previous results in Federgruen and Yang (2014) that analyze a similar model but without capacity constraints.
Keywords: joint pricing and inventory control, lead time, asymptotic optimality, constant-order policy, random yield, vanishing discount factor approach
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