The Gender Gap in International Trade: Female-Run Firms and the Exporter Productivity Premium

39 Pages Posted: 9 May 2019

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Date Written: April 1, 2019

Abstract

Female-run firms are less likely to be exporters although they exert positive influence in various aspects in an economy and society. With a new and comprehensive data set on manufacturing plants, I investigate the exporter productivity premium of female-run firms in Germany. The results show that female-run firms gain a higher exporter-productivity premium than male-run firms. I find evidence for selection into exporting but no impact for learning from exporting for female-run exporting firms. These results give hint to discrimination barriers that female-run firms face when they are exporting as compared to male-run firm exporters.

Keywords: Gender Inequality, Exporter-Productivity Premium, Germany, Firm Heterogeneity

JEL Classification: F14, L25, L60, O12

Suggested Citation

Krenz, Astrid, The Gender Gap in International Trade: Female-Run Firms and the Exporter Productivity Premium (April 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3376512 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3376512

Astrid Krenz (Contact Author)

Durham University ( email )

Durham, DH1 3HY
United Kingdom

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