The Gender Gap in International Trade: Female-Run Firms and the Exporter Productivity Premium
39 Pages Posted: 9 May 2019
Date Written: April 1, 2019
Female-run ﬁrms are less likely to be exporters although they exert positive inﬂuence in various aspects in an economy and society. With a new and comprehensive data set on manufacturing plants, I investigate the exporter productivity premium of female-run ﬁrms in Germany. The results show that female-run ﬁrms gain a higher exporter-productivity premium than male-run ﬁrms. I ﬁnd evidence for selection into exporting but no impact for learning from exporting for female-run exporting ﬁrms. These results give hint to discrimination barriers that female-run ﬁrms face when they are exporting as compared to male-run ﬁrm exporters.
Keywords: Gender Inequality, Exporter-Productivity Premium, Germany, Firm Heterogeneity
JEL Classification: F14, L25, L60, O12
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