Gender Differences in Tournament Performance Over Time: Can Women Catch-Up with Men?

43 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2019

See all articles by Alison L. Booth

Alison L. Booth

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Ryohei HAYASHI

Tokai University

Eiji Yamamura

Seinan Gakuin University

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

We investigate the evolution over time of gender differences in single-sex and mixed-sex tournaments, using field data from the Japanese Speedboat Racing Association (JSRA). The JSRA randomly assigned individuals into single-sex and mixed-sex races, enabling us to model learning in different environments. Our dataset comprises over one million person-race observations of men and women making their speedboat racing debut between 1997 and 2012. We find that the average debut-woman's performance (measured by lane-changing and place-in-race) improves faster than debut-men's in single-sex races, but more slowly than debut-men's in mixed-sex races. For the average male racer, the opposite is true.

Keywords: Competition, experience, Gender, mixed-sex, peer effects, random assignment, single-sex, tournaments

JEL Classification: J16, L83, M5

Suggested Citation

Booth, Alison L. and HAYASHI, Ryohei and Yamamura, Eiji, Gender Differences in Tournament Performance Over Time: Can Women Catch-Up with Men? (April 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13681. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3376612

Alison L. Booth (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia
+61 2 6125 3285 (Phone)
+61 2 6125 0182 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Ryohei HAYASHI

Tokai University ( email )

4-1-1 Kitakaname
Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292
Japan

Eiji Yamamura

Seinan Gakuin University ( email )

6-2-92 Nishijin
Sawara-ku
Fukuoka 814-8511
Japan

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