Asymmetric Division Promotes Therapeutic Resistance in Glioblastoma Stem Cells
43 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Asymmetric cell division (ACD) enables the maintenance of a stem cell population while simultaneously generating differentiated progeny. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) undergo multiple modes of cell division during tumor expansion and in response to therapy, yet the functional consequences of these division modes remain to be determined. Using a fluorescent reporter for cell surface receptor distribution during mitosis, we found that ACD in glioblastoma CSCs generated a daughter cell with enhanced therapeutic resistance and increased co-inheritance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). Stimulation of both receptors maintained self-renewal under differentiation conditions. While p75NTR knockdown did not compromise CSC maintenance, therapeutic efficacy of EGFR inhibition was enhanced, indicating that co-inheritance of p75NTR and EGFR promotes resistance to EGFR inhibition through a redundant mechanism. These data demonstrate that ACD produces progeny with co-enriched growth factor receptors, which contributes to the generation of a more therapeutically resistant CSC population.
Keywords: Cancer Stem Cell, asymmetric cell division, therapeutic resistance, Glioblastoma
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