Funding Mechanisms for Higher Education: A Marketing Perspective
33 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2019 Last revised: 12 May 2019
Date Written: April 26, 2019
This paper develops an analytical model to investigate the impact of governmental funding of higher education on educational outcomes including tuition, graduation rates, and enrollment. Assuming that students make an enrollment decision based on tuition, graduation rate, and labor market prospects, we show that push and pull funding strategies are equally effective in lowering net tuition and in increasing enrollment, the expected graduation rate, and social welfare without compromising the academic standards. We also show that a policy change from enrollment-based funding to performance-based funding raises graduation rates but does not necessarily improve the performance of the education system.
Keywords: Marketing university education, tuition crisis, push and pull funding, probabilistic service, performance-based funding
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