How Change Rendered Human Rights More Vulnerable: Examining the Anti-Drug Campaign Legal Framework with a Human Rights Lens

ASOG WORKING PAPER 19-006

33 Pages Posted: 23 May 2019

See all articles by Ma. Araceli B. Habaradas

Ma. Araceli B. Habaradas

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Law School

Ray Paolo R. Santiago

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center

Jaymie Ann R. Reyes

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center

Marianne Carmel B. Agunoy

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center

Date Written: April 25, 2019

Abstract

Showing eagerness to jumpstart the war against drugs, the PNP launched on day one of the Duterte Administration Project: Double Barrel with Oplan Tokhang as its highlight. Described as a “practical and realistic means of accelerating the drive against illegal drugs in affected barangays,” Tokhang is a new item in the menu of anti-illegal drug activities of the police. It was immediately conducted “simultaneously nationwide” by local police armed with a succinct directive that house visits will be “conducted to persuade suspected illegal drug personalities to stop their illegal drug activities.”

In the first six months, katok-and-hangyo house visits were complemented by parallel persuasion initiatives that translated to more than a million surrenderees — suspected pushers and users combined — whose different rights were exposed and rendered vulnerable along the way. This paper examines the anti-drug campaign legal framework that emerged from the time Oplan Tokhang started, using a human rights lens, and reviews how the many changes in this framework rendered human rights more vulnerable.

Keywords: Drug War, Anti-Drug Campaign, Oplan Tokhang, Philippines

JEL Classification: K00

Suggested Citation

Habaradas, Ma. Araceli B. and Santiago, Ray Paolo and Reyes, Jaymie Ann and Agunoy, Marianne, How Change Rendered Human Rights More Vulnerable: Examining the Anti-Drug Campaign Legal Framework with a Human Rights Lens (April 25, 2019). ASOG WORKING PAPER 19-006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3378016 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3378016

Ma. Araceli B. Habaradas (Contact Author)

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Law School ( email )

#20 Rockwell Drive, Rockwell Center
MAKATI CITY, 1200
Philippines

Ray Paolo Santiago

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center ( email )

20 Rockwell Drive, Ateneo Professional Schools
Makati City
Philippines

Jaymie Ann Reyes

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center ( email )

20 Rockwell Drive, Ateneo Professional Schools
Makati City
Philippines

Marianne Agunoy

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo Human Rights Center ( email )

20 Rockwell Drive, Ateneo Professional Schools
Makati City
Philippines

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