Regime Legitimation Strategies (RLS) 1900 to 2018

37 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2019

See all articles by Marcus Tannenberg

Marcus Tannenberg

Göteborg University - Department of Political Science

Michael Bernhard

University of Florida

Johannes Gerschewski

Humboldt University of Berlin

Anna Lührmann

Göteborg University - Department of Political Science

Christian von Soest

GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

In this paper we introduce new expert-coded measures of regime legitimation strategies for 179 countries in the world from 1900 up until 2018 that are comparable across time and space. Country experts have rated the extent to which the government promotes or references its performance, the person of the leader, rational-legality, and ideology in order to justify the regime in place. With regards to ideology, the experts are further asked to categorize the ideology of the regime as nationalist, communist/socialist, conservative/restorative, religious, and/or separatist. The main purpose of this paper is to describe and validate the data against expectations on claims from case studies as well as with existing regime type classifications. We show that experts do understand and can be employed to code legitimation claims. Not only do we document historical shifts in legitimation claims, but the measures also pick up recent trends, such as, an increased emphasis of the leader in countries such as Russia, Turkey, Cambodia over the last decades, and more recently also in India and the Philippines; as well as recent increases in legitimation claims based on both conservative and nationalist ideologies the European countries Serbia, Hungary and Poland, which also have experienced autocratization in recent years.

Suggested Citation

Tannenberg, Marcus and Bernhard, Michael and Gerschewski, Johannes and Lührmann, Anna and von Soest, Christian, Regime Legitimation Strategies (RLS) 1900 to 2018 (April 2019). V-Dem Working Paper 2019:86. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3378017 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3378017

Marcus Tannenberg (Contact Author)

Göteborg University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 711
Göteborg, S-405 30
Sweden

Michael Bernhard

University of Florida ( email )

Johannes Gerschewski

Humboldt University of Berlin ( email )

Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, AK 10099

Anna Lührmann

Göteborg University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 711
Göteborg, S-405 30
Sweden

Christian Von Soest

GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies ( email )

Neuer Jungfernstieg 21
Hamburg, DE D-20354
Germany
+494042825590 (Phone)
+494042825511 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://staff.giga-hamburg.de/soest

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