Movie Disclaimers: A Contract With the Offended

SEMINAR 716 – April 2019

7 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2020

See all articles by Apar Gupta

Apar Gupta

Internet Freedom Foundation

Date Written: April 25, 2019


Movie disclaimers are often viewed as non-invasive devices for audience information. They help frame and introduce a movie. However, these can also become censorial in nature when required by regulation. This is what has been happening in India with an incremental growth of legalese prior to movies. This essay analyses the growth of disclaimers as devices to negotiate more invasive forms of censorship such as cuts and adult classification.

Part of the study is based off case law with certain elements of empirical analysis of judgements by the Film Certification Appellate Tribunal (FCAT). It hopes to demonstrate that disclaimers are not separate from the movie watching experience and result in harm to free expression, especially on themes which do not conform to conservative social values in India.

Keywords: movie censorship, free speech, disclaimers

Suggested Citation

Gupta, Apar, Movie Disclaimers: A Contract With the Offended (April 25, 2019). SEMINAR 716 – April 2019, Available at SSRN:

Apar Gupta (Contact Author)

Internet Freedom Foundation ( email )

New Delhi

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