The Role of Professional Norms in the Governance of Artificial Intelligence

Forthcoming in: Markus D. Dubber, Frank Pasquale, and Sunit Das (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, Oxford University Press

31 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2019

See all articles by Urs Gasser

Urs Gasser

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Carolyn Schmitt

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Date Written: April 25, 2019

Abstract

The development, deployment, and use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems and AI-based technologies are governed by an increasingly complex set of legal, ethical, social, and other types of norms, which surface from various sources and contribute to what might be described as a patchwork of norms. Among this complicated landscape of modes of governance, this chapter zeroes in on the extent to which professional norms β€” and specifically norms in the development phase as expressed in formal documents such as code of ethics and ethical principles β€” may serve as a reservoir of norms and accountability mechanisms to include within the existing governance toolbox. It explores the interface between AI and β€œthe profession,” with an emphasis on new institutional arrangements and sources of norms that arise within the profession, such as corporate principles and employee demands. This chapter discusses trends of this fluctuating ecosystem through a suggested analytical framework for thinking about these professional norms of AI development within the broader context of the AI lifecycle, and hypothesizing about the future possibilities of professional norms within discussions of AI governance.

Keywords: Professional norms, AI governance, development, profession, code of ethics, ethical principles, AI-based systems, ethics, governance

Suggested Citation

Gasser, Urs and Schmitt, Carolyn, The Role of Professional Norms in the Governance of Artificial Intelligence (April 25, 2019). Forthcoming in: Markus D. Dubber, Frank Pasquale, and Sunit Das (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, Oxford University Press . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3378267 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3378267

Urs Gasser (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society ( email )

Harvard Law School
23 Everett, 2nd Floor
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: https://cyber.harvard.edu/people/ugasser

Carolyn Schmitt

Harvard University - Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society ( email )

Harvard Law School
23 Everett, 2nd Floor
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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