Financial Derivatives and Bank Risk: Evidence from Eighteen Developed Markets
Accounting and Business Research, 2019
43 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019 Last revised: 27 Apr 2020
Date Written: May 10, 2019
We examine the relationship between equity risk and the use of financial derivatives with a sample of 555 banks from eighteen developed markets from 2006 to 2015. Our main findings suggest that banks’ use of financial derivatives increased their risk. This increase in risk can be driven by banks’ use of derivatives for speculative purposes, by suboptimal hedging to obtain hedge accounting status, or from accounting mismatches that generate volatility in earnings. We also show that this relationship is nonlinear. Too-Big-To-Fail banks and those that employ a traditional retail banking business model are subject to lower idiosyncratic risk. We address endogeneity concerns using instrumental variables capturing the use of derivatives with portfolio ranking. Overall, our study contributes to understanding the impact of derivatives use on bank risk and the risk consequences of a bank’s business model choice.
Keywords: Derivative Accounting, Fair Value, Financial Derivatives, Risk Management
JEL Classification: G21, M41, G23, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation