The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War

Forthcoming, Economic Development and Cultural Change

64 Pages Posted: 13 May 2019 Last revised: 31 May 2019

See all articles by Hai-Anh Dang

Hai-Anh Dang

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG)

Trung xuan Hoang

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS)

Ha Nguyen

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 30, 2019

Abstract

Few studies currently exist on the long-term impacts of schooling policies in developing countries. We examine the impacts — half a century later — of a mass education program conducted by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the occupied areas during the First Indochina War (1946-1954). Difference-in-difference estimation results suggest that school-age children who were exposed to the program obtained significantly higher levels of education than their peers who were residing in French-occupied areas. Although we cannot reject the null hypothesis of equal impacts at standard significance levels, when estimated separately, the impacts are statistically significant for school-age girls and not for school-age boys. We discuss various robustness checks and extensions that support these findings.

Keywords: education achievement, reading literacy, school policy, popular education, difference-in-difference, long-term impact, war

JEL Classification: H0, I2, O1, P3

Suggested Citation

Dang, Hai-Anh H. and Hoang, Trung xuan and Nguyen, Ha, The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (April 30, 2019). Forthcoming, Economic Development and Cultural Change. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3380096

Hai-Anh H. Dang (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
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Washington, DC 20433
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HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/haianhhdang/

Trung xuan Hoang

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) ( email )

1 Lieu Glai
Ba Dinh
Hanoi
Vietnam

Ha Nguyen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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