The Impact of India’s Farm Science Centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on Farm Households’ Economic Welfare: Evidence From a National Farmers Survey

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1832, 2019

41 Pages Posted: 28 May 2019

See all articles by Anjani Kumar

Anjani Kumar

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

A. K. Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

Sunil Saroj

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Misha Madhavan M.

ICAR-National Research Centre

P. K. Joshi

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

The paper examines the impact of access to India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras, or KVKs) on agricultural households’ welfare using household-level data from the nationally representative Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by India’s National Sample Survey Office in 2013. Employing different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression models, we find that the KVKs have a positive and statistically significant impact on agricultural households’ economic welfare, although that impact is heterogeneous. Further, the investments made in expansion of India’s network of KVKs have been quite remunerative, as the benefit-to-cost ratio of expenditure on KVKs ranges from 8 to 12. Moreover, our findings suggest that expanding rural formal credit markets and promoting literacy can maximize the potential impact of KVKs on agricultural households’ economic welfare.

Keywords: Farm Science Centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras), agricultural households, economic welfare, Benefit cost ratio, ESR Model, PSM Model, India

JEL Classification: Q12, Q13, Q17, Q18

Suggested Citation

Kumar, Anjani and Singh, A. K. and Saroj, Sunil and Madhavan M., Misha and Joshi, Pramod Kumar, The Impact of India’s Farm Science Centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on Farm Households’ Economic Welfare: Evidence From a National Farmers Survey (April 2019). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1832, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3381229

Anjani Kumar (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.ifpri.org/

A. K. Singh

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) ( email )

Krishi Bhavan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
Bangalore
India

Sunil Saroj

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Misha Madhavan M.

ICAR-National Research Centre ( email )

Krishi Bhavan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
Bangalore
India

Pramod Kumar Joshi

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
21
Abstract Views
225
PlumX Metrics