The Impact of India’s Farm Science Centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on Farm Households’ Economic Welfare: Evidence From a National Farmers Survey
IFPRI Discussion Paper 1832, 2019
41 Pages Posted: 28 May 2019
Date Written: April 2019
The paper examines the impact of access to India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras, or KVKs) on agricultural households’ welfare using household-level data from the nationally representative Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by India’s National Sample Survey Office in 2013. Employing different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression models, we find that the KVKs have a positive and statistically significant impact on agricultural households’ economic welfare, although that impact is heterogeneous. Further, the investments made in expansion of India’s network of KVKs have been quite remunerative, as the benefit-to-cost ratio of expenditure on KVKs ranges from 8 to 12. Moreover, our findings suggest that expanding rural formal credit markets and promoting literacy can maximize the potential impact of KVKs on agricultural households’ economic welfare.
Keywords: Farm Science Centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras), agricultural households, economic welfare, Benefit cost ratio, ESR Model, PSM Model, India
JEL Classification: Q12, Q13, Q17, Q18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation