Earth Observation: Investigating Noncommunicable Diseases from Space

Posted: 2 May 2019

See all articles by Peng Jia

Peng Jia

Wuhan University; Chengdu University

Alfred Stein

University of Twente - Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)

Peter James

Harvard Pilgrim Health Care

Ross C. Brownson

Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Surgery

Tong Wu

Arizona State University (ASU) - Center for Biology and Society

Qian Xiao

University of Iowa

Limin Wang

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis Treatment of Infectious Diseases - National Center for Chronic Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention

Clive E. Sabel

Aarhus University

Youfa Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU) - Health Science Center

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

The United Nations has called on all nations to take immediate actions to fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which have become an increasingly significant burden to public health systems around the world. NCDs tend to be more common in developed countries but are also becoming of growing concern in low- and middle-income countries. Earth observation (EO) technologies have been used in many infectious disease studies but have been less commonly employed in NCD studies. This review discusses the roles that EO data and technologies can play in NCD research, including ( a) integrating natural and built environment factors into NCD research, ( b) explaining individual–environment interactions, ( c) scaling up local studies and interventions, ( d) providing repeated measurements for longitudinal studies including cohorts, and ( e) advancing methodologies in NCD research. Such extensions hold great potential for overcoming the challenges of inaccurate and infrequent measurements of environmental exposure at the level of both the individual and the population, which is of great importance to NCD research, practice, and policy.

Suggested Citation

Jia, Peng and Stein, Alfred and James, Peter and Brownson, Ross C. and Wu, Tong and Xiao, Qian and Wang, Limin and Sabel, Clive E. and Wang, Youfa, Earth Observation: Investigating Noncommunicable Diseases from Space (April 2019). Annual Review of Public Health, Vol. 40, pp. 85-104, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3381469 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-043807

Peng Jia (Contact Author)

Wuhan University ( email )

Wuhan
China

Chengdu University ( email )

No. 1 Shi Lin Upper Street
Chengdu, Sichuan Province
China

Alfred Stein

University of Twente - Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) ( email )

Netherlands

Peter James

Harvard Pilgrim Health Care ( email )

93 Worcester Street
Wellesley, 02481
United States

Ross C. Brownson

Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Surgery

St. Louis, MO
United States

Tong Wu

Arizona State University (ASU) - Center for Biology and Society ( email )

Post Office Box 874701
Tempe, AZ 85287-4701
United States

Qian Xiao

University of Iowa

341 Schaeffer Hall
Iowa City, IA 52242-1097
United States

Limin Wang

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis Treatment of Infectious Diseases - National Center for Chronic Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention

Beijing
China

Clive E. Sabel

Aarhus University

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Youfa Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU) - Health Science Center ( email )

P.R.
China

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