How to Customize Higher Education at UG & PG levels using Patent Analysis & Company Analysis As New Research Methods in Technology, Health Sciences & Management Education
In Information Technology and Education, Challenges and Opportunities of Smarter Learning Systems, New Delhi Publishers, India. Chapter 3, pp. 25-59. (2019). ISBN: 978-93-88879-13-2.
16 Pages Posted: 14 May 2019
Date Written: January 30, 2019
Change with time is essential and inevitable in all systems except climate change which is not acceptable for environmental sustainability. Similarly, change is essential in the field of scholarly research. The research methods invented before 21st century are not only sufficient for prospective researchers in 21st century due to the fact that both systems and environments are changing. As a result, and to provide an opportunity to young budding researchers in UG and PG courses, new and easy research problems were enough online data available would be attractive. As the internet and data communication technology is progressing, student researchers have access to new data from various sources in a given area. Such data can be used to a new interpretation of existing knowledge by means of systematic analysis. In this paper, we have discussed some of the newly identified/modified learning/research methods to help students to involve in research during their UG or PG courses. These methods allow higher education institutions to customize their pedagogy while competing with the MOOC model. Patent analysis is one of such methods of learning/research for Engineering and health science students where a student/researcher can choose an already filed Patent in his/her chosen field and analyse it systematically to study its technology, idea, and future value in solving practical problems. Similarly, company/organizational analysis is another new tool for Social science and management students to study and analyse various companies/organizations of different industry/sector, including their strategies and efforts for sustainability. The possibility of incorporating these new affordable learning/research methods as a part of the innovative curriculum of higher education system are proposed and discussed.
Keywords: Customizing higher education, Newlearning/research methods, Research in technology, Research in Management, Patent analysis, Company analysis
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