The Brazilian Bombshell? The Long-Term Impact of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic the South American Way

46 Pages Posted: 29 May 2019

See all articles by Amanda Guimbeau

Amanda Guimbeau

Brandeis University, International Business School, Students

Nidhiya Menon

Brandeis University - International Business School

Aldo Musacchio

Brandeis University- International Business School; National Bureau of Economic Research

Date Written: May 1, 2019

Abstract

We analyze the repercussions of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic on demographic measures,
human capital, and productivity markers in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the most populous city in South America today. Leveraging temporal and spatial variation in district-level estimates of influenza-related deaths for the 1917-1920 time-period combined with a unique database on socio-economic, health and productivity outcomes and determinants newly constructed from historical data, we nd that the 1918 Influenza Pandemic had signi cant impacts on infant mortality, sex ratios at birth, literacy rates differentiated by gender, and agricultural productivity in 1920, the short-run. We find robust evidence that effects persist in 1940.

Keywords: 1918 Influenza Pandemic, Demographic Measures, Health, Education, Short-run, Long-run, Economic History, Sao Paulo Brazil

JEL Classification: N36, O12, I15, J10

Suggested Citation

Guimbeau, Amanda and Menon, Nidhiya and Musacchio, Aldo, The Brazilian Bombshell? The Long-Term Impact of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic the South American Way (May 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3381800 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3381800

Amanda Guimbeau

Brandeis University, International Business School, Students ( email )

Mailstop 32
Waltham, MA 02454
United States

Nidhiya Menon

Brandeis University - International Business School ( email )

Mailstop 32
Waltham, MA 02454-9110
United States
781-736-2230 (Phone)
781-736-2269 (Fax)

Aldo Musacchio (Contact Author)

Brandeis University- International Business School ( email )

415 South Street MC 32
Waltham, MA 02454-9110
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nber.org/people/aldo_musacchio

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
83
Abstract Views
342
PlumX Metrics