Sustainable Finance, the Good, the Bad and the Ugly: A Critical Assessment of the EU Institutional Framework for the Green Transition

Quaderni del Dipartimento di Politica Economica Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Milano, 2019

Posted: 29 May 2019

See all articles by Lorenzo Esposito

Lorenzo Esposito

Bank of Italy

Giuseppe Mastromatteo

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan

Ettore Giuseppe Gatti

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: February 1, 2019

Abstract

The transition to a green economy is arguably the most important economic transformation of the next decades. To be completed it requires the mobilization of astounding resources, a flow of technological innovation and a whole series of new rules going from technical standards to financial regulation. Given the resources it needs, the transition, to be credible, requires a full engagement of the financial system. On this regard we analyze the policy set-up of Europe, the most advanced area on the issue. We identify a three-layer functioning of the EU project for transition. The first one (“green products”) is fully compatible with the present financial system. A second layer entails changes in the business model and organization of financial operators but it can be phased in with minor overhauls. Finally, there is a third layer, largely incompatible with the present financial system, yet crucial to achieve transition. We show that, according to the same EU analysis, the transition needs a total change in the financial landscape and therefore it is, rebus sic stantibus, intrinsically unfeasible. We suggest ways to escape the dilemma that connects financial stability and green economy.

Keywords: Climate Change, Sustainable Finance, EU

JEL Classification: G28, Q54

Suggested Citation

Esposito, Lorenzo and Mastromatteo, Giuseppe and Gatti, Ettore Giuseppe, Sustainable Finance, the Good, the Bad and the Ugly: A Critical Assessment of the EU Institutional Framework for the Green Transition (February 1, 2019). Quaderni del Dipartimento di Politica Economica Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Milano, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3382242

Lorenzo Esposito (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Giuseppe Mastromatteo

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan ( email )

Largo Gemelli, 1
Via Necchi 9
Milan, MI 20123
Italy

Ettore Giuseppe Gatti

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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