Optimal Dynamic Strategies on Gaussian Returns
32 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2019
Date Written: May 9, 2019
Dynamic trading strategies, in the spirit of trend-following or mean-reversion, represent an only partly understood but lucrative and pervasive area of modern finance. Assuming Gaussian returns and Gaussian dynamic weights or signals, (e.g., linear filters of past returns, such as simple moving averages, exponential weighted moving averages, forecasts from ARIMA models), we are able to derive closed-form expressions for the first four moments of the strategy's returns, in terms of correlations between the random signals and unknown future returns. By allowing for randomness in the asset-allocation and modelling the interaction of strategy weights with returns, we demonstrate that positive skewness and excess kurtosis are essential components of all positive Sharpe dynamic strategies, which is generally observed empirically; demonstrate that total least squares (TLS) or orthogonal least squares is more appropriate than OLS for maximizing the Sharpe ratio, while canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is similarly appropriate for the multi-asset case; derive standard errors on Sharpe ratios which are tighter than the commonly used standard errors from Lo; and derive standard errors on the skewness and kurtosis of strategies, apparently new results. We demonstrate these results are applicable asymptotically for a wide range of stationary time-series.
Keywords: Algorithmic Trading, Dynamic Strategies, Over-Fitting, Quantitative Finance, Signal Processing
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