Financing Recovery after Disasters: Explaining Community Credit Market Responses to Severe Events

42 Pages Posted: 11 May 2019

See all articles by Benjamin Collier

Benjamin Collier

Temple University - Risk Management & Insurance & Actuarial Science

Volodymyr Babich

McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2019

Abstract

Credit provides a means for uninsured households and businesses to manage disaster losses, but access to credit may be tenuous after severe events. Using lender fixed effects models, we examine how natural disasters affect the amount of credit supplied by community lenders in developing and emerging economies. We find that disasters reduce lending. We consider two potential causes of lending reductions: (1) disasters reduce expected returns on loans made after the event or (2) capital constraints (lenders’ difficulty replacing equity lost during the event). We develop a dynamic model that informs our empirical identification of these causes and conclude that capital constraints cause observed credit contractions. We also examine the effects of insurance market development and find evidence that insurance preserves the creditworthiness of borrowers. Our results demonstrate pervasive disaster‐related credit supply shocks in developing and emerging economies and identify new insurance market opportunities.

Suggested Citation

Collier, Benjamin and Babich, Volodymyr, Financing Recovery after Disasters: Explaining Community Credit Market Responses to Severe Events (June 2019). Journal of Risk and Insurance, Vol. 86, Issue 2, pp. 479-520, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3385684 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jori.12221

Benjamin Collier (Contact Author)

Temple University - Risk Management & Insurance & Actuarial Science ( email )

Fox School of Business and Management
1301 Cecil B. Moore Ave.
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Volodymyr Babich

McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University ( email )

3700 O Street, NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States

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