The Etiology and Significance of Fractures in Infants and Young Children: A Critical Multidisciplinary Review

46 Pediatric Radiology 5 (2016), (with Sabah Servaes, et al).

Florida International University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-13

Posted: 13 May 2019

See all articles by Joelle Anne Moreno

Joelle Anne Moreno

Florida International University (FIU) - College of Law

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

This paper addresses significant misconceptions regarding the etiology of fractures in infants and young children in cases of suspected child abuse. This consensus statement, supported by the Child Abuse Committee and endorsed by the Board of Directors of the Society for Pediatric Radiology, synthesizes the relevant scientific data distinguishing clinical, radiologic and laboratory findings of metabolic disease from findings in abusive injury. This paper discusses medically established epidemiology and etiologies of childhood fractures in infants and young children. The authors also review the body of evidence on the role of vitamin D in bone health and the relationship between vitamin D and fractures. Finally, the authors discuss how courts should properly assess, use, and limit medical evidence and medical opinion testimony in criminal and civil child abuse cases to accomplish optimal care and protection of the children in these cases.

Keywords: Child abuse; Children; Fractures; Infants; Metabolic bone disease; Non-accidental trauma; Radiography; Rickets; Vitamin D

Suggested Citation

Moreno, Joelle Anne, The Etiology and Significance of Fractures in Infants and Young Children: A Critical Multidisciplinary Review (2016). 46 Pediatric Radiology 5 (2016), (with Sabah Servaes, et al).; Florida International University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-13. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3386197

Joelle Anne Moreno (Contact Author)

Florida International University (FIU) - College of Law ( email )

11200 SW 8th St.
RDB Hall 1097
Miami, FL 33199
United States
305-348-1152 (Phone)
305-348-7293 (Fax)

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