Tail Risk Exposures of Hedge Funds: Evidence From Unique Brazilian Data
31 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2019
Date Written: May 6, 2019
This paper examines tail risk in the Brazilian hedge fund industry. We rely on a unique data set of daily returns for every hedge fund in Brazil, dead or alive. By employing the universe of hedge funds, we ensure the absence of selection, survivorship, and instant history biases. We estimate tail risk measures based on the cross-section of both equity and hedge-fund returns. We consider three tail risk measures. The first extracts a tail risk measure assuming that the tail of the cross-section distribution has a power law representation, whereas the second and third rely on the expected shortfall of the cross-section distribution under the physical and risk-neutral measures, respectively. We find that the tail risk estimates are very different not only across asset classes (equity vs hedge fund), but also across probability measures (physical vs risk neutral). More interestingly, we also show that, although the hedge fund industry in Brazil seems to exhibit more exposure to equity tail risk, hedge fund tail risk entails higher predictive ability to performance both over time and cross-sectionally.
Keywords: alternative investment, convergence trading, entropy, expected shortfall, power law
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