The Role of Neonatal Health in the Incidence of Childhood Disability

60 Pages Posted: 13 May 2019

See all articles by Todd E. Elder

Todd E. Elder

Michigan State University

David N. Figlio

Northwestern University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Scott A. Imberman

Michigan State University; Michigan State University - College of Education

Claudia Persico

American University

Date Written: May 2019

Abstract

We use linked birth and education records for all children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 to assess the effects of neonatal health on the identification of childhood disabilities. We find that several measures of neonatal health are associated with disability incidence, although birthweight plays the most empirically relevant role. Using large samples of siblings and twins, we find that infant health influences multiple measures of disability and grade repetition in school. The association between birthweight and disability holds throughout the distribution of birthweight and across a range of socioeconomic characteristics, including maternal education and race.

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Suggested Citation

Elder, Todd E. and Figlio, David N. and Imberman, Scott Andrew and Persico, Claudia, The Role of Neonatal Health in the Incidence of Childhood Disability (May 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25828. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3387184

Todd E. Elder (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

110 Marshall-Adams Hall
Department of Economics
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-355-0353 (Phone)

David N. Figlio

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Scott Andrew Imberman

Michigan State University ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

Claudia Persico

American University ( email )

School of Public Affairs
Kerwin Hall, 4400 Massachusetts Ave NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

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