3D Bioprinted Endometrial Stem Cells on Melt Electrospun PCL Meshes for Pelvic Floor Application Promote Anti-Inflammatory Responses in Mice
41 Pages Posted: 14 May 2019 First Look: Accepted
Endometrial mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (eMSCs) exhibit excellent regenerative capacity in the endometrial lining of the uterus following menstruation and high proliferative capacity in vitro. Bioprinting eMSCs onto a mesh could be a potential therapy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP). This study reports a novel strategy targeting vaginal repair using bioprinting of eMSCs encapsulated in a hydrogel and3D melt electrospun mesh to generate a tissue engineering construct. Following a CAD, 3D printed poly ε-caprolactone (PCL) meshes were fabricated using melt electrospinning (MES) at different temperatures using a GMP clinical grade GESIM Bioscaffolder. Electron and atomic force microscopies revealed that MES meshes fabricated at 100°C and with a speed 20 mm/sec had the largest open pore diameter (47.2 ± 11.4 μm) and the lowest strand thickness (121.4 ± 46 μm) that promoted optimal eMSC attachment. An Aloe Vera-Sodium Alginate (AV-ALG) composite based hydrogel was optimised to a 1:1 mixture (1%AV-1%ALG) and eMSCs, purified from human endometrial biopsies, were then bioprinted in this hydrogel onto the MES printed meshes. Acute in vivo foreign body response assessment in NSG mice revealed that eMSC printed on MES constructs promoted tissue integration, eMSC retention and an anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotype characterised by F4/80+CD206+ colocalization. Our results address an unmet medical need highlighting the potential of alternative 3D bioprinted eMSC-MES meshes as a novel approach to overcome the current challenges with non-degradable knitted meshes in POP treatment.
Keywords: Endometrial mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (eMSCs), melt electrospinning (MES), bioprinting, anti-inflammatory responses, pelvic organ prolapse (POP)
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