CFO Gender and Financial Statement Irregularities
Forthcoming, Academy of Management Journal
58 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2019
Date Written: May 14, 2019
The increasing presence of women in upper echelon positions draws attention to the possible effects of executive gender on corporate decisions and actions. In this study, we formulate theory about the impact of CFO gender on financial misreporting to generate two key insights. First, we hypothesize that firms with female CFOs will have a lower likelihood of financial misreporting than comparable firms with male CFOs. Second, we argue that the relation between CFO gender and financial misreporting will be contingent on governance mechanisms (e.g., institutional ownership and analyst coverage) such that misreporting of firms with male CFOs will differ more from that of firms with female CFOs when governance is weak. Our results, based on a novel leading indicator of the likelihood of financial misreporting, provide support for our predictions. Various alternative econometric specifications, including (but not limited to) exogenous shocks, propensity score matching, and modeling treatment-effects, random effects, firm-fixed effects, and hybrid effects provide general support for our theory and hypotheses. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Keywords: Executive Gender, Upper Echelon, Female, Corporate Governance, CFO, Financial Misreporting
JEL Classification: J16, J30, J70, J71, J81
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation