Robust Inference for Consumption-Based Asset Pricing
84 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2019
Date Written: April 16, 2019
The reliability of traditional asset pricing tests depends on: (1) correlations between asset returns and factors; (2) the time-series sample size T compared to the number of assets N. For macro-risk factors, like consumption growth, (1)-(2) are often such that traditional tests cannot be trusted. We extend the Gibbons-Ross-Shanken statistic to test identification of risk premia and construct their 95% confidence sets. These sets are wide or unbounded when T and N are close, yet they show that average returns are not fully spanned by betas when T exceeds N considerably. Our findings indicate when meaningful empirical inference is feasible.
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation