New Kid on the Block? China vs the US in World Oil Markets
12 Pages Posted: 15 May 2019
Date Written: May 15, 2019
China has recently overtaken the US to become the world largest importer of crude oil. In light of this fact, we formally compare contributions of demand shocks from China, the US and the rest of the world. We find that China’s influence on the real price of oil has increased over the past two decades and surpassed that of the US. Despite this result, oil prices are more sensitive to demand shocks from the US than China. Finally, we document that demand shocks from China alone were too small to have caused the mid 2003-2008 price surge. Instead, oil specific demand shocks are found to be the major determinant of the real oil price during this period.
Keywords: China, US, Oil markets
JEL Classification: C32, E32, Q4
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