Pay Transparency and the Gender Gap

59 Pages Posted: 15 May 2019 Last revised: 13 Dec 2021

See all articles by Michael Baker

Michael Baker

University of Toronto - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Yosh Halberstam

University of Toronto

Kory Kroft

University of Toronto

Alexandre Mas

Princeton University - Industrial Relations Section

Derek Messacar

Statistics Canada; Memorial University of Newfoundland (MNU)

Date Written: May 2019

Abstract

We examine the impact of public sector salary disclosure laws on university faculty salaries in Canada. The laws, which enable public access to the salaries of individual faculty if they exceed specified thresholds, were introduced in different provinces at different times. Using detailed administrative data covering the majority of faculty in Canada, and an event-study research design that exploits within-province variation in exposure to the policy across institutions and academic departments, we find robust evidence that the laws reduced the gender pay gap between men and women by approximately 20-40 percent.

Suggested Citation

Baker, Michael and Halberstam, Yosh and Kroft, Kory and Mas, Alexandre and Messacar, Derek, Pay Transparency and the Gender Gap (May 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w25834, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3388441

Michael Baker (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Department of Economics ( email )

150 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G7
Canada
416-978-4138 (Phone)
416-978-6713 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Yosh Halberstam

University of Toronto ( email )

Department of Economics
150 St George St.
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G7
Canada

Kory Kroft

University of Toronto ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G8
Canada

Alexandre Mas

Princeton University - Industrial Relations Section ( email )

Princeton, NJ 08544-2098
United States

Derek Messacar

Statistics Canada ( email )

Ottawa, Ontario
Canada

Memorial University of Newfoundland (MNU) ( email )

Faculty of Education
St. John's, Newfoundland A1B 3X5 A1C 5V3
Canada

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